Mousetrap Car Plans: Braking System
Earth shattering secrets for building record setting and winning mousetrap cars and racers. Here you will find all the latest and greatest untold construction secrets so you can build your very own mousetrap vehicle.
Lock-Tight is the most advanced and the easiest to operate braking systems available. Lock-Tight has a wing-nut that travels along a threaded axle and then wedges itself against the frame causing the racer to come to an instant stop. Lock-Tight comes ready-to-assemble with pre-cut and pre-drilled parts so you can be ready for action and racing on the same day. As with all our kits, Lock-Tight comes with step-by-step instructions that are filled with tons of top secret performance tips and tricks that have been developed exclusively by Doc Fizzix so that you will have all the information you need to make Lock-Tight a winner.
lock-tight: you will find everything you need inside your lock-tight mousetrap vehicle kit to build your very own mousetrap racer. lock-tight can be ordered from the comforts of your own home through the Doc Fizzix website where it will be shipped directly to your door step.
Making The Frame
frame: this is the finished example of the frame we are building.
step #1: Start by finding the center of the long side rails and the deck top.
step #2: Using a straightedge or a square, draw a line making the middle of each piece of wood.
step #3: The side rails are also marked along their center.
step #4: line up the marks and glue the deck top to the side rails using JET super glue or a wood glue. Make sure that the guide rail holes are lined up on the same end when gluing (Elmer's white glue will also work)
bonus tip: When using JET super glue, always line up the two pieces of wood in the position you want them glued and then add a small amount of JET super glue along the joint. The glue will pull into the wood and form a super strong bond.
bonus tip: Sometimes it is best to place the side rails on a flat surface to make sure they are glued level and not crooked.
Painting the Frame (optional)
The time to paint the frame is before the wheels and the mouse trap are attached. It is best to lightly sand the frame with 220 or even 360 grit sandpaper.
optional: sanded and painted frame
Assembling the Wheels
Use the following steps to correctly setting up the wheels and axles.
step #1: Press fit the black spacer into your CD or DVD.
step #2: Carefully adjust the CD/DVD on the spacer so that the CD/DVD sits perpendicular to the floor and will also ride true without wobbling.
step #3: It is not always necessary to glue the spacers to the CD/DVD since they are designed to have a tight fit but some people like to use a little white glued to hold the CD/DVD in place. Do not use super glue, super glue can eat into and destroy the material that the CD/DVD is made from.
step #4: place the wheel setup on to the 3/16-inch brass axle. Face the beveled side towards the center of the axle so that the flat surface of the spacer faces out. Place a second black spacer with the beveled side facing the wheel as pictured. Do NOT glue, you may need to adjust the spacer on the axle later.
step #5: Use a washer between the spacer and the frame to decrease any rubbing friction.
Inspect the axle holes on the frame to make sure they are clear of debris. If necessary, clean up the axle holes using a small round file or roll-up some sandpaper and lightly clean the edge of the axle hole to make sure the axle holes are clean of any debris. Be careful not to enlarge the diameter of the axle hole by filing or sanding any material away, only clean the edge of the holes.
step #6: inspect the axle holes to make sure they are clear of debris, us a file or some sand paper to clean any debris.
step #7: place the rear axle and wheel setup through the axle holes in the frame. The rear axle is the non-threaded brass tube
step #8: On the other end of the axle place another washer and another black spacer as pictured then press on the other wheels.
step #9: do NOT pushed against the frame, adjust the inner set of spacers so there is small amount of side-play between the frame and the spacers (about 1/4 inch gap on each side.
Make sure that the wheels spin freely without binding against the frame, test spin the wheels and if necessary pull the spacers away from the frame or even rework the axle holes.
bonus tip: Place some graphite powder in the axle holes and spin the wheels, this will work the graphite powder into the wood and reduce the friction.
Attaching the Brake System
Lock-Tight's braking system uses a special wing-nut that travels along a threaded axle until it lock tight against the frame of the vehicle causing the Lock-Tight to come to an instant stop. The lock-nut is prevented from turning by a metal track bar.
step #1: place the threaded axle into the first set of axle holes.
step #2: place the track bar into the second set of pre-drilled holes as pictured. Make sure to line up the wing-nut so that it rides within the track-bar.
step #3: attach the wheels and the black spacers as described for the rear wheels from the instructions printed above.
Attaching the Lever Arm (option #1)
Make sure you understand your contest regulations before you cut the mouse trap. If the contest states that you cannot cut and/or alter the mouse trap then you will need to skip this step and go to Attaching the Lever Arm (option #2). If the contest regulation allow for the mousetrap to be modified to extend the mouse trap's snapper arm then follow the steps listed bellow in order to prepare the mouse trap.
Looking at the mouse trap and take note of where the mouse trap's spring presses on the mouse trap's snapper arm. Using a pair of needle-nose pliers or a wire cutter, cut the snapper arm just before the corner bend on the side of the snapper where the spring is pressing down. Remove and discard the cut section.
step #1: Cut the mouse trap's snapper arm just bellow the corner on the side of the snapper that has the spring pressing down on it as pictured and removed the cut piece.
step #2: Using your needle-nose pliers, pry up on the "U" hook that is pressed into the mouse trap's base in order to remove the locking bar. Discard the "U" hook but save the locking bar for the next step.
step #3: Using your needle-nose pliers straighten the bent end (the non-loop end) of the locking bar.
step #4: Insert the locking bar all the way into one end of the lever arm. Only the locking bar's loop should be all that is sticking out of the lever arm; this will be where the string will be attached. You can glue the locking bar in place or for a better solution a small bend can be placed in the middle of locking bar so that the bar is held in place by it's own pressure, see image.
step #5: Slide the other end of the lever arm over the cut section of the snapper arm. Press the lever all the way down the snapper arm making sure the lever arm goes under the mouse trap's spring as pictured.
Attaching the Lever Arm (option #2)
Some contest rules state that the mouse trap can not be altered from it's original working condition. In this method a lever arm is attached to the side of the mouse trap's snapper arm without cutting the snapper itself so the mouse trap can still be set in the traditional method. This method can be used to secure a longer lever arm to the mouse trap's snapper without having to cut the snapper.
step #1: Attach a lever arm to the side of the mouse trap's snapper using several pieces of picture wire or three small zip-ties as pictured.
step #2: Trim any left over wire/tip-zie and then place a small amount of super glue on the wire/zip-ties to secure them in place and to the snapper arm.
Positioning the Mouse Trap
For maximum performance the mouse trap needs to be positioned on the chassis so that the lever arm falls directly above the drive axle. In order to find the correct placement of the mouse trap on the chassis hold down the lever arm into the fully wound position and then line-up the tip of the lever arm so that it is just reaching the drive axle. Make sure to position the mouse trap so that the lever arm travels along the center of the vehicle and does not hit anything.
If you are building the basic kit "box stock" and have made no modifications to the length of the lever arm then back of the mouse trap should be glued 10 1/4 inches from the drive axle.
step #1: the mouse trap is positioned on the chassis so that the tip of the lever arm lines up with the drive axle when the mouse trap car is fully wound-up.
step #2: to find the correct position for the mouse trap, hold down the lever arm and line-up the mouse trap on the chassis.
step #3: Glue the mouse trap to the frame once the correct position is located.
Attaching the Mouse Trap (optional)
There are many ways to attach the mouse trap to the frame, most will glue the mouse trap and this will work fine but the mouse trap will become permanently attached to the chassis making future adjustments to the mouse trap's location difficult. Doc Fizzix attachments bolts provide a less than permanent way to attach the mouse trap so that the mouse trap can be relocated if needed.
bonus tip: here the mouse trap is attached to the chassis with four Doc Fizzix hold down bolts instead of glue so that the mouse trap can be repositioned if needed.
Doc Fizzix Hold-Down Bolts
Using a 7/64-inch drill bit, drill four holes in the corner of a mouse trap. Mark the position of the mouse trap on the vehicles frame and then using one of the bolts make an indentation on the vehicles frame or using the holes just drilled in the mouse trap as a template and drill the corresponding holes in the frame using the same 7/64-inch drill bit. Attach the mouse trap using the hold down bolts and that is it you are done!
step #1: drill four holes in the corners of the mouse trap.
step #2: Use the holes in the mouse trap as a template to mark where to drill the holes for the mouse trap.
step #3: Attach the Doc Fizzix hold down bolts through the mouse trap and the chassis. If needed, the mouse trap can be repositioned by repeating the steps above.
Adding Traction to Wheel
Adding traction to a wheel will give the wheel more grip and greater stopping potential. One way to increase the traction of a wheel on smooth surface is to add a rubber traction tread that has more grip than the original wheel alone. Various brands of rubber may have more grip than another brands of rubber so it is always best to experiment. Rubber bands can be stretches and placed directly over a wheel or the middle section of a balloon can be cut and then also stretch around a wheel to help increase the traction. The balloon trick should not be used on Doc Fizzix DVD-layers.
step #1: cut the center section of a rubber balloon as pictured.
step #2: stretch the cut section of the rubber balloon around the CD/DVD.
alternate option: rubber bands can also be stretched around a wheel to increase the traction.
Attach the Axle Hook
The important part of a winning mousetrap project is Doc Fizzix's "easy-to-wind" and "snag-free " string release system that will not tangle or snag.
step #1: A small zip-tie is positioned in the center of the drive axle and locked in place.
step #2: The zip-tie is trimmed and cut so that the excess tail of the zip-tie. Make sure to trim the excess zip-tie tail as close as possible to the locking hub.
step #3: Super glue the zip-tie to the axle to make sure the zip-tie axle hook does not slip when under tension.
step #4: Catch the zip-tie axle hook with the string loop and wind the string as normal.
How to Make a Loop Knot
It is important for the pulling string to have a correctly tied loop knot in order for the Doc Fizzix "easy-to-wind" and "snag-free " string release system to work properly or the mousetrap vehicle will come to an instant stop. Learning how to tie knots brings me back to my Boy Scout days but is also an extremely important part of building a successful mousetrap car.
Try to carefully study the images on how to tie a loop knot as seen bellow. Please note that the string being used if ONLY for illustrating how to tie the correct knot, it is NOT recommended to use a thick string with mousetrap vehicles. Also, the loop knot should be large enough so that it releases from the drive axle without snagging on the axle hook (see images).
step #1: Fold the string over.
step #2: Tie a traditional knot using the folded part of the string as pictured
step #3: the finished product.
Attaching the String
The string is tied to the tip of the lever arm and then adjusted so that it "just" reaches the drive axle
step #1: Tie the string to the lever tip of the lever arm
step #2: Pull the string towards the drive axle
step #3: tie a loop knot in the string so that the string is "just" long enough to reach the drive axle.
Setting The Brake
Setting the lock-nut braking system is simple and easy, just place the vehicle at the finish line with the wing nut in the locked position, roll the mousetrap vehicle back to the start line, and this sets the wing nut to the exact starting position needed. This easy to set braking system can be repositioned for any length course by repeating the described procedure.
step #1: turn the wheels until the wing-nut is in the locked position.
step #2: place lock-tight at the finish line and roll lock-tight back to the start line.
step #3: this will set the wing-nut to the exact position so that lock-tight stops at the finish line
Winding The String
When winding the string around the drive axle make sure NOT to put any slack in the string. The string should be wound tight as it winds around the drive axle or the mousetrap racer may have a jerky motion as the string unwinds. Always wind the string using the full load of the mouse trap, do not help lift the lever arm during the winding process (except maybe at the start of the wind and then only just to get things going.
bonus tip: Never put slack in the string as you wind it around the drive axle. Always wind the string under tension.
bonus tip: some times it is necessary to lift the lever arm in order to start winding the string but then put the string back under tension to make sure the string winds under the force of the mouse trap's spring.
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